Selmer Burks makes arrangements to transport his daughter's body home. But hate has claimed it's pound of flesh and part of his sanity as well. On the drive home, Burks plots the murder of Doctor Herman Beaman, who has accompanied him, as well as the bastard boy he distains as his grandchild. Sign In. Amazon Kindle. Still can't find what you're looking for?
Hyde Parkers sometimes seem strangely unaware of how completely their neighborhood's uniqueness is a product of the university's noblesse oblige. An outsider sees it most clearly in the university's police cars that patrol Hyde Park around the clock, and in the emergency call boxes spaced throughout the entire neighborhood, far beyond the campus proper, that anyone can use at any time to summon campus cops. The university police force is the second largest police force in Illinois.
The paternalism is less obvious because it has never been racial. Urban renewal drove out as many poor whites as poor blacks; for university officials in the s enlightened liberals all, the panic was over a decline in social and economic class. The comedian and later movie director Mike Nichols, who got his start in a club on the old 55th Street, defined Hyde Park liberalism for all time: "Black and white, marching arm in arm, shoulder to shoulder against the poor.
Murphy and James V. Cunningham, Cunningham directed the Conference for a period in the late s and went on organize in western Pennsylvania and serve as professor in the School of Social Work, University of Pittsburgh until recent retirement. Note his early book cited at the top of this page, on three community organizing efforts, including that of the HPKCC in Chicago.
Among the thousands of old and new neighborhood organizations that wrestled with the challenges of urban renewal after World War II was the Hyde Park-Kenwood Community Conference, formed to act for an aged but attractive lakefront location on the near South Side of Chicago that is home to the University of Chicago. The conference came into being through the initiative of black and white leaders of faith-based institutions during a time of massive southern migration.
Housing was becoming overcrowded, the streets were shabby, and rumors were rife that the university was considering a move to the suburbs. A resident who was around when it all began was Charles Staples.
Still associated with the conference after 50 years, he confirms the birth event:. Until , the burgeoning black community north and south of Hyde Park-Kenwood was held black by restrictive covenants. Then the courts nullified the covenants and the newcomers moved across the old boundaries.
Fears engendered in some white homeowners led to distressed sales and flight. Real estate agents warned of more loses in values and frightened increasing numbers into selling, a process referred to as "blockbusting. Illegal rooming houses were created. Apartments were subdivided. Racial turnover and overcrowding swept through border blocks. At a gathering of conscientious ministers, Quakers, a rabbi, and other concerned citizens, black and white, the Conference was formed in , dedicated to helping build a stable integrated community of high standards, through educational and legal means as well as group methods to quell fears and end blockbusting.
University of Chicago Professor Herbert Thelan held community clinics in which he taught residents to be block leaders skilled in group dynamics. The conference spearheaded a neighborhood movement that used block clubs to ease racial tension, housing code enforcement to check illegal subdividing of apartments, political action to improve the schools and increase police patrols, and eventually neighborhood-wide planning to gain long-term stability.
The planning was done, with some apprehension, in partnership with the university. The mission of the conference officially became " building an interracial community of high standards. Most of those who participated paid dues. Thousands more affiliated informally through a block club or attendance at public meetings.
There was a conference service organized by Pierre de Vise, a young social scientist, to steer perspective renters and home buyers to specific blocks, by race, in proportions that would ensure the interracial character of the blocks.
De Vise found all but one of the realtors in the neighborhood running like scared jackrabbits chased by bloodhounds. But one cooperating firm gave him solid cooperation and showed that the effort had potential. Doubting the feasibility of the interracial mission, the University of Chicago observed from the sidelines for three years. Finally, when an upsurge of crime in threatened to interfere with the recruitment of quality students and faculty, the university joined on its own terms, creating its own community arm, the South East Chicago Commission.
The commission launched hard-line anti-crime activities and hired an unrelenting attorney as director and a professional city planner to design a long-range renewal plan for the entire neighborhood. The attorney was Julian Levi, the son of a rabbi, a native of Hyde Park-Kenwood who drove slumlords to the wall and showed little enthusiasm for resident participation. He became celebrated as the "bad cop" essential to the neighborhood's survival.
The twin efforts of residents and the university proceeded along what was then a new road by choosing to use planning and renewal as appropriate methods for preserving community rather than choosing to demolish it and start over. The presence of organized concerned residents was a mitigating force , restraining the university's appetite for land and radical gentrification, although the displacement of residents and small businesses ultimately was extensive. Throughout, Chicago's Mayor Richard J.
Daley offered powerful support. The conference and commission did not always travel the road cordially. Although a common interest in preserving the neighborhood drove them on, divergent views on methods and values tore them apart. Issues that were fought over included the allotment of land for public housing, preservation vs demolition in certain key locations, the open sharing of information as the planning proceeded, affordable versus upscale standards, and democracy versus oligarchy in decision making Cunningham, Ostensibly, united neighborhood forces--residents, business people, the university, local politicians, churches, and other institutions--extracted large-scale government funding to implement the resulting urban renewal plan.
The conference insisted on adequate relocation benefits for the displaced, as well as the inclusion of public housing, before supporting the plan. The plan was executed amid controversy during the s and early s. Rehabilitation and preservation, along with clearance, were used. Today, Hyde Park is at least a biracial neighborhood of high standards. The conference still exists, but as a much scaled-down organization, now seeking to recast its vision and recapture some of the drive of the early decades. Important to the funding of the conference during its early years were the Emil Schwarzhaupt Foundation and carl Tjerandsen, a pioneering adult educator who served a executive secretary of the foundation.
His final assessment, published after 30 years of conference effort, concluded, " the community was stabilized on a multiracial basis. Citizens were mobilized. The most blighted areas were replaced with new housing and service facilities. The Conference continued as a functioning organization" Tjierandsen, , p.
These achievements, he suggested, came from quality leadership, a program combining idealistic and programmatic organizational elements, interpersonal communication standards that included the rejection of confrontation in favor of cooperation while still taking vigorous stands on issues, and encouraging the aggressive involvement of those willing to support the goal of an interracial community.
Participation , his report noted, was aided by a dual structure of volunteer committees and block clubs , and operations were undergirded by an environment of strong institutions that were able to bring pressure on city government, including the police, who vigilantly sought to ensure that residents felt safe when they walked to night meetings. Three Principal Achievements. Three Principal Failings. Polk Street, c. Including massive demolition, slum clearance, and rehabilitation, urban renewal proceeded initially from local and state legislation, which in Illinois included the Neighborhood Redevelopment Corporation Act of amended in , the Blighted Areas Redevelopment Act of , the Relocation Act of , and the Urban Community Conservation Act of The new legislation had three primary functions.
Last, the state provided assistance in relocating site residents—an absolute necessity in a time of severe housing shortages to enable the clearance of crowded, inner-city sites. The federal Housing Acts of and , and their later amendments, mirrored the Illinois initiatives, providing a national framework and greater financial resources for the renewal effort.
The clear intent was to offer public assistance to the private sector in the hope of heading off an urban crisis. Such conditions, combined with the decentralizing pull of the burgeoning suburbs, threatened to ravage the city's tax base, deplete the stock of middle-class consumers, and raise the cost of basic city services such as police and firefighting. Within weeks of his inauguration, Mayor Martin H. Kennelly received a housing program and legislative package that had gestated in Loop boardrooms. Major institutional interests on the South Side, such as the Illinois Institute of Technology IIT and Michael Reese Hospital, also faced the daunting prospect of surviving within rapidly deteriorating neighborhoods.
Staking out a planning interest of seven square miles from Cermak Road south to 47th Street and from Michigan Avenue west to the Pennsylvania Railroad, their efforts—along with those of their Loop counterparts—enticed the New York Life Insurance Company to finance the Lake Meadows development. Michael Reese Hospital soon followed with its own Prairie Shores complex; IIT expanded its campus from 7 to acres; Mercy Hospital decided to remain and grow in the area; and South Commons was developed as a middle-income housing enclave.
The University of Chicago took the initiative in the urban renewal of Hyde Park, as it did with the conception and enactment of the Illinois Urban Community Conservation Act of , a law precisely tailored to the institution's needs. Proceeding in stages throughout the s under earlier redevelopment acts and through the South East Chicago Commission SECC , the university responded forcefully to a process of racial transition that had been accelerated by clearance projects to its north.
Most of the displaced residents were unmarried white renters without deep roots in the neighborhood. At its completion in , the combination of high-rise towers and townhouses encompassed 3, units. Daley tried to protect the Loop, fight decentralization, and enhance Chicago's image by building a campus of the University of Illinois in the Harrison-Halsted area.
Sparking considerable grassroots protest, the project displaced thousands of individuals and hundreds of businesses in an old, largely Italian community before it opened in Concern with protecting and enhancing Chicago's core also generated a construction boom within the Loop itself.
Ambient 1 Music For Airport The natives of the Sunny South who frequented our house seemed all to be indifferent— singularly indifferent, in British eyes—to any form of social entertainment; what they came for was talk—chiefly on political topics, mingled at moments with a little literature, page: Some relative presented a pocket-edition of Marmion to Dante Rossetti at a very childish age. Beginning with the opening of the Prudential building in , a year burst of activity nearly doubled downtown office space; the federal government, Cook County, and the city of Chicago each added massive administrative centers. In what I have next to say I shall aim at confining myself to Dante Gabriel, but it will be understood that what is true of him applies mainly to the other three children as well. Are you having trouble coping with people?
Beginning with the opening of the Prudential building in , a year burst of activity nearly doubled downtown office space; the federal government, Cook County, and the city of Chicago each added massive administrative centers. The neighborhoods, however, experienced a different kind of transformation.