Little Nihar (Story of Struggle and Victory Book 1) eBook: Ivy Banerjee, Nihar Kana Dey: muskpefefi.tk: Kindle Store. This backdrop of the story is Pre-Independence era of India. It is an anecdote of the struggles faced by a little seven year old as she strives her way out in life.
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Provide feedback about this page. In all these conventions, there were disagreements between Nepal and two of its closest neighbours — India and Pakistan.
United Nations Mission in Nepal Nepal is always perceived to be more comfortable with the presence of the UN than any other external force on its territory. Therefore, in the post-Maoist insurgency period, Nepalese leaders preferred the UN to any other agency for playing the role of a monitor in the peace process.
There was general perception in Nepal that India might fish in troubled waters and the Maoists were also suspicious about India. The government and the Maoists on 7 November reached an agreement to end the decade-old conflict and restored lasting peace through a six-point agreement.
The Mission was entrusted with a four-point mandate, which included monitoring the management of arms and armed personnel of the Nepalese Army and the CPN Maoist as per the provisions of the CPA and providing technical support for holding the CA elections. The key objective of UNMIN was to support Nepal in creating the environment for a credible CA election that would further lead to establishing lasting peace in the country.
India might have agreed to a limited UN role in order to support its new- found benign image. Anyway India had been projected as big brother in Nepal. It would have been a disaster for India had it accepted the mediation offer or tried to do that. The UN officials also discussed its role with Indian officials. Therefore, while Nepalese leaders proposed UN mediation, India did not oppose it wholeheartedly but suggested UN presence with limited mandate.
One researcher who is very close to top Maoists leaders disclosed to this author in Delhi in October that a large chunk of sophisticated weapons seized during the armed struggle period by the Maoists are still with the Prachanda faction; he also claimed to know where the weapons were stashed. They did this without taking formal permission from the Indian government.
The Indian Embassy in Kathmandu objected to this visit. Nevertheless, the IC largely followed the foreign policy parameters of the Constitution. Respect for mutual equality; 4. Non-aggression and peaceful settlement of disputes; and 5.
Cooperation for mutual benefit. According to Article 2 , The laws to be made pursuant to clause 1 shall, inter alia, require that the ratification of, accession to, acceptance of or approval of treaty or agreements on the following subjects be done by a two-thirds majority of the total number of members of the Legislature-Parliament existing: a peace and friendship; b security and strategic alliance; c the boundaries of Nepal; and d natural resources and the distribution of their uses. Also, while Indian companies55 were facing difficulties in operating in the hydro, garment, hotel and infrastructure sectors in Nepal on account of the unfavourable business environment there, Chinese companies started investing in those sectors.
The Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal has emphasised independence in the conduct of its foreign policy. The practical application of this was that instead of feeding the people of Humla district with Indian rice transported by helicopter from Nepalganj, the government would get rice from the nearby markets in Tibet. In April China proposed a revised Peace and Friendship Treaty with Nepal to improve its own standing in that country. Earlier, China was more focused on the Tibet issue, but it diversified its interests in Nepal after the Maoists adopted the policy of maintaining equidistance between India and China.
To oblige China, the Prachanda government took strong action against the Tibetan refugee movement in Nepal and increased border security to prevent transit of Tibetan refugees across the border with China. Several high-level visits were exchanged between China and the Maoist government in Nepal. China also agreed to provide economic assistance worth NPR 1. Foreign Policy Challenges of the Republic of Nepal The Maoist demands mentioned therein are: i regulated or closed border, ii more trade and transit facilities, iii formation of Greater Nepal, iv civilian nuclear units with help from China, v demarcation of borders, and vi diversification of trade and free arms import.
Although he undertook first official visit to India, his first foreign trip to Beijing had indicated that the Maoists would prefer China to India. During his visit to the Nordic countries in March , Prachanda articulated the view that sustainable peace was not possible in Nepal without economic prosperity and support from the international community.
He requested Norway to invest in hydropower development and other sectors of mutual interest. The new prime minister visited India soon after assuming office. Interestingly, his visit to Beijing in December was a high-profile one and the two countries agreed to further strengthen their relationship. China took the visit very seriously since this was the first official visit of the Nepalese prime minister to China after it became a Republic. One of the longest and most detailed joint statements was issued at the end of that visit.
The joint statement further widened the window of opportunities for China in Nepal.
Chairman [Prachanda], is perceived more positively by Beijing. The Maoists returned to power for the second time with Baburam Bhattarai as the prime minister in August In this regard, road and rail connections between Tibet and India through Nepal needed to be augmented. The growing presence of China in Nepal, could be a major challenge for it to maintain a balance between the two neighbours.
While earlier India had a major share in the Nepalese economy and investments, the environment has recently become more competitive for India. Both countries exert pressure on Nepal if it enters into any agreement with the other. There is also domestic pressure to maintain a balance in the relationship. However, given the controversies related to the West Seti project and the delay in the process, China sensed a conspiracy.
These doubts emanated from Nepalese media stories that Baburam Bhattarai government was supported by India. As a result, the visit was postponed to January Moreover, China has never been comfortable with a pro-India regime in Nepal. The proposal came initially as a triangular strategic dialogue from the UCPN Maoist chairman, Prachanda, on 26 October, after his five-day visit for attending the Shanghai Expo India was lukewarm about the proposal even before Prachanda could formally discuss with Indian decision makers. It is our vision for the future. Let me also clarify that by no means do I wish to undermine or replace our centuries-old bilateral relations.
Although India did not respond to the proposal, it certainly cannot ignore it, given the changing geopolitical dynamics in the sub-Himalayan region. India will also benefit economically in case of joint investments in the hydro and agriculture sector. Most importantly, it could be a challenging task for Nepal to identify project areas given the strategic sensitivity of the region.
The report says that Bhutanese, Tibetans and other refugees are a burden on Nepal, and Nepal should send them back with respect, through bilateral and multilateral diplomatic channels. Nepal should also formulate an appropriate policy to prevent the entry of refugees from Afghanistan, Sudan and Somalia. The report recommends that the scope of the Nepalese foreign policy should be diversified to support the economic and social development of the country.
Conclusion It has been observed that small countries have seldom challenged any big powers without the support of a powerful country. Rather they have utilised the presence of big powers to their advantage. The small states are consumers rather than producers of security. Nepal has reiterated its intention to address security concerns of India and China. While earlier Nepal was looking West for development aids, it now looks for more investments from its immediate neighbours. Barring the early s and 60s, the external power has been less effective in neutralising the influence of China and India in Nepal.
Often it is seen that after national security and interests, Nepal has given priority to its neighbours security concerns.